What is a Low Residue Diet/ Low Fiber Diet?

Diet With No Fiber

“Low Residue Diet” is basically a diet plan with little to no “Fiber” products in the diet. This means you cannot have products that are high in fiber.

Diet For Special Patients

These kinds of diets are presented to the patient in special cases and it can last up to the time as advised by your doctor.

Opposite Of Many Other Diet

Generally, you will see in all kinds of diet plans that fiber is considered to be an important nutrient of your diet plan but in Low Residue or Low Fiber Diet, it is not recommended by any nutritionist, dieticians or doctors.

Restricts Many Major Food Sources

It restricts products with “high fiber” such as whole grains, cereals, nuts, seeds, raw fruits and vegetables, and fruit.

What Is The Need For This Diet?

To Lower Bowel Movement

“Residue” is food that consists of an ungrown stool, including fiber. The aim of the diet is fewer bowel movements every day.

To Alleviate Stomach Symptoms

This will alleviate symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating, gas and tension. If you have a flare, or after the operation to assist with rehabilitation, your doctor can advise this lifestyle for quite a while.

Before/After Abdominal Operation

Before and/or after an abdominal operation or cancer treatment a low-fiber diet is often prescribed.

Why “Fiber” Is Restricted By Doctors In Low Residue Diet?

To Boost Bowel Exercise

A low residual diet confines dietary fiber to under 10-15 g/day and limits additional foods that may boost bowel exercise.

To Reduce Pain In Abdomen

In order to reduce painful symptoms, the goal of a low residue diet is to reduce the size and frequency of bowel movements.

Easy To Digest

The basic idea behind recommending a low fiber diet is that you will have food sources that are easy to digest for your body and cut back on those that are not easy. High fiber products are “not” easy to digest.

To Consume Normal Diet Without Any Problems

Make sure you gradually raise the fiber by about 5 grams per week if you change from a Low Fiber Diet into your Normal Diet, until your fiber target is achieved.

Follow Only If Your Doctor Says To Follow

Your doctor or nutritionist can assist you in choosing whether this lifestyle is correct for you and how long it takes to pursue.

Note: When improving nutritional fiber, it is also essential to drink plenty of “Fluid”.

What Are Some Advantages Of This Diet

This diet has several advantages, which can render it appealing and attractive. Let’s see some of them below.

1. Helps In Colostomy & Ileostomy

First, because it includes very small quantities of fiber and thus very little residue, stomach production is very low. In specific, this can help people with an ileostomy, but can also help people with a colostomy to live simpler. 

2. Less Chaos in Choosing Food

The decreased production quantity makes life easier and freer. There is less chaos in search of food in this type of diet.

3. Improves Digestion

Food transport through the digestive tract is also slowed by a low-residue diet, which improves digestion availability of food. 

4. Improves Health

You may improve nutrient intake from meals, which has a beneficial effect on overall health.

5. Reduce Diarrhea

A low-residue diet is also a helpful approach to reduce diarrhea incidence. It can help with some other issues as well like gas and tension.

6. Less Challenging For Intestine

The foodstuffs that make up a low residue are much more easily digested than all its counterparts, such as White Bread White Rice, Pasta Noodles. Thus, this kind of nutrition in the intestinal tract is less challenging.

7. Best To Opt After Surgery

In those convalescents from surgery or disease and the elderly, the digestive ability can be reduced and therefore, be simpler to reintegrate and provide greater energy for other roles and activities.

There is undoubtedly a moment and opportunity to eat low-residue products but this does not necessarily create a sustainable long-term wellness strategy. For Optimal health, you have to add fiber to your diet after some time of your recovery.

What Are Some Disadvantages Of This Diet

Like every other thing in this universe, this diet also has some disadvantages which makes it less attractive. Here are some reasons which make it less worthy.

1. Less Cooked Foods

A diet that has little residue includes refined and skin-free products, skin, seeds, and well-cooked products.

2. Fewer Sources Of Healthy Food Items

It includes very little fresh meat, fruits, plants, grains, and legumes that provide substantial antioxidants, plant chemicals, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. It’s a diet with very little fruit. And here the issues begin to occur.

3. Vitamin Deficient

Cooked products comprise less fresh and raw ingredients, such as vitamin C and folic acid, that are essential for excellent health. Therefore, small residual diets can contribute over a moment to nutrient deficiencies, which may have negative effects on health.

4. Does Not Kill Bacteria

Fibers in foods are also an important source of nutrition in the intestinal tract for good bacteria. Bacteria eat the fiber after it hits the gut and use it to achieve its own wellness and preservation. The bacteria eat the fiber. Fiber is needed for better growth of your body and it keeps you full for a very long time. In this diet, you are deprived of fiber and you cannot do this for a prolonged period of time.

From the disadvantages of this diet it is clear this diet cannot be followed for a very long period of time and after your rehabilitation period gets over you need to add fiber slowly into your diet and start living a more healthy lifestyle to remain disease-free.

What You Can Eat In This Diet?

Low residue diet or low fiber diet is very easy to maintain as you have access to all your favorite food here. You can enjoy this diet for some time but let’s check out some food sources that can be added to this diet plan.

  • Refined products of flour such as white bread, cereals, and pasta. (low in fiber content)
  • Rice(white), noodles
  • Juice without seeds or pulps.
  • Eggs, meat, pork, chicken, beef, etc.
  • Margarine, sauce, mayonnaise and salad dressings without pulp or seeds.
  • Fruit without pellets or seeds and certain fruits (e.g. peeled apples or tomatoes, bananas, cantaloupe, etc.) which are well-cooked or canned.
  • Dairy items like milk, yogurt, puddings, etc. and if you are lactose intolerant you can go of lactose-free items here.

Mostly the things which are easily digested by your intestines are mentioned here as these products do not have fiber and if they have the quantity is very low. You cannot take this diet for a very long period as it is nutrient deficient and your body needs fiber of more growth. Enjoy this diet for a short time span as guided by your doctor and then slowly switch to your regular diet. 

What You Cannot Eat In This Diet?

While you can enjoy many of your favorite food items in this type of diet, many things are there which are advised to be not included in this type of diet plan. Some of the basic food items are listed below.

  • All whole grains food items (e.g. oatmeal, millet, cooked wheat, flax, popcorn, bread, and pasta).
  • Raw vegetables high in fiber especially following vegetables, whether cooked or raw: (broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, etc.)
  • Peanut butter that is more crunchy (Plain is fine to limit dosages)
  • Nuts and seeds are not included.
  • Lentils, beans, green peas.
  • Hard meat products.
  • Dried fruits items, fruits with seed in it, berries, etc.

Basically food items that are high in fiber content like green vegetables, complex carbohydrate products like whole-wheat products are not allowed in this diet as they may force your digestive system to work more which is not allowed if you are facing some kind of issues or if just recovered from any kind of stomach surgery. Fiber is present in a very small quantity in this type of diet as some food sources have some content of fiber but that is fine.

What Can Be A Perfect Low Fiber Diet Plan 

There are plenty of nice and low-fiber diet ingredients available which can be included in your diet plan, so a healthy and different diet while still minimizing fiber consumption is simpler than ever before. Here is a balanced diet plan with low fiber products.


  • 1 glass of milk (lactose-free if not tolerant to dairy products) 
  • 2-3 boiled eggs with 2 slices of white bread.
  • half cup canned peaches (optional)

Morning Snack

  • One bowl of yogurt (lactose-free if not tolerated), without any nuts or seeds in it. 


  • A bowl of chicken noodle soup, skinless baked potato or baked carrots.
  • Try a Sandwich of tuna with mayonnaise and white bread.
  • apple sauce (canned)
  • Iced Tea or Any flavored water of your choice.

Evening Snack

  • Use White bread, toast.
  • Two slices of cheese or half bowl of cottage cheese, if tolerated
  • Tea or flavored water


  • Three ounces of lean meat, poultry, fish, turkey or pork.
  • Half a bowl of white rice with meat.
  • Half bowl of cooked vegetables, such as carrots or peeled potatoes as a salad.

This is a perfectly balanced diet plan if you are on a no fiber diet plan, some amount of fiber is there in this diet as well but it is fine as you cannot eliminate the whole fiber from your food sources. Simply increase your fiber intake slowly and gradually with time and do not do it without prior consultation with your doctor.

Is There A Need For You To Adopt This Diet

Read out the information below to understand whether it is recommended for you to be on this diet or not.

  • A low-residue diet can decrease stress and relieve issues, and in certain conditions, it is worth taking such a diet.  A low-residue diet can help to overall healing and resolve diseases if you recover from stomach surgery or experience flares of intestinal problems.
  • There are visible advantages, both in decreasing output quantity and in decreasing potential problems of greater fiber products, for individuals with an ileostomy or colostomy. But such a diet should only be used in order to relieve illnesses or problems for a brief period of time.
  • Once it has been maintained and recovered, it is necessary to resume a diet containing as much fiber and nutrition as it can be allowed to decrease the danger of nutrient or bacterial deficiencies.
  • No nutrition or lifestyle advantage is provided by this diet and could even be unhelpful to good physical condition. The development of nutritional deficiencies and could adversely affect the bacterial population in the colon.
  • If this diet has to be maintained for a longer period, then additional nutrients not easily provided with this form of diet are suggested for substitution in the form of supplementation. 

What’s The Final Though On This Diet Plan?

For some medical reasons as per the prescription of your doctor you can be on this diet for some time as directed by the doctor but if you are thinking of adopting this lifestyle for years that it can be harmful to you as you body will be deprived of nutrients and with this deficiency, you will be more prone to disease and your immune system will keep on falling. It is better to switch from this diet once you recover from your surgery os some intestinal issues. Fiber is a very important component of your diet and it should be present in your diet is the perfect ratio and quantity.

This is the whole concept of low fiber diet or the low residue diet, low fiber content from your diet just to be safe from the harm after any kind of problem-related to your intestine or stomach surgery. This diet can be really enjoyable if you are a person who is really strict on your diet, here is your getaway for some time. But remember this is not for fun and you need to on this type of diet only when your doctor asks you to do so.

What Are The Low Residue Or Low Fiber Food Items?

Many of your favorite meals or food sources may be out on this list but many of them are still there. Curious to know whether you can eat your favorite food or not? We just made a table showing the food items which can be included in your low fiber diet and what are the food items to be avoided in this diet plan. Click on the button below to know.